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the middle colonies

many had moved from pleasant to tense. Introduction: The Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies consisted of the middle region of the Thirteen Colonies of the British Empire in North America. harbor in huge numbers, fighting for space to unload. New Jersey Colony was established in 1664 by English colonists. King Charles II gave the colony to his brother the Duke of York for whom it is named. 2 They all got along or at least tolerated each other. New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. answer choices . This led to prosperity among the new American residents. Colonies in Northern America. New York Colony was originally New Amsterdam (founded in 1626 by Peter Minuit) but became New York in 1664. Pennsylvania eventually became the gateway for Scottish-Irish immigrants in the 1700s. slaves were traded on ships in the harbor. Girls were tutored at home in a variety of household and social skills. The Middle colonies were situated north of the Southern colonies of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The Middle Colonies consisted of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware. The Middle Colonies & Daily Life. These colonies were known as the "breadbasket" because of the large amounts of barley, wheat, oats, and rye that were grown here. They were not indentured servants (indentured servants had to work off their cost of transport to an 'employer'). Free Video Clips. high prices. William Penn grew Pennsylvania to a population of nearly 9,000 people in the first five years. Much of the area was part of the New Netherland until the British exerted control over the region. Religious diversity was most prevalent here for several reasons. The thirteen colonies, which were divided into 3 regions, were all different and unique in many ways. needed to stock and repair ships. The Middle colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. Because the soil was rich in the Middle colonies, farmers were able to grow more grain than they could use. beautiful goods. Boys learned skill and trade, and possibly classical languages, history and literature, math, and natural science. New York, originally called New Amsterdam, was given to the Duke of York. This is because the climate of the middle colonies was extremely warm, allowing them to farm much easier than the New England colonies, and the south, which was good for growing cash crops because of it's hot weather. The Middle Colonies produced a large amount of wheat, corn, pork, and beef, among other trade goods. They began selling grain to other colonies and to England, shipping out of the big ports in Philadelphia and New York. Q. Although the Netherlands only controlled the Hudson River Valley from 1609 until 1664, in that short time, Dutch entrepreneurs established New Netherland, a series of trading posts, towns, and forts up and down the Hudson River that laid the groundwork for towns that still exist today. The price of a horse ranged from £5 - £1000, depending on breeding, speed, and ability. The Middle Colonies. Another popular means of travel, especially in the southern colonies, was by horseback. There was a brisk business in trade. New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts. They were called the breadbasket of the colonies because of the grain that was grown there. Rum and tobacco shipped to England fetched New Jersey was named after the English Isle of Jersey. SURVEY . Perhaps one of the most important circumstances of the New World was the varying climate. coarse brown sugar. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … What nickname was given to the Middle Colonies? This edition of Mr. Zoller's Social Studies Podcasts focuses on England's thirteen original colonies in the new world. The name of the colony was changed to New York in honor of the Duke. This could not be said of the middle colonies. Middle colonies tg.qxd 10/16/02 11:30 AM Page 6. the Big Apple. The colony of … Elements of both New England towns and sprawling country estates could be found. It was named New York after the Duke of York, King James II's brother. Ships carried food and timber Under his guidance, Philadelphia became a fabulous city, with broad, tree-shaded streets, stone and brick houses, and a bustling port. the Cornhusker. Delaware Colony was established in 1638 by Peter Minuit. The economy of the middle colonies mostly consisted of agriculture and fishing. Beginning in 1609, Dutch traders explored and established fur trading posts on the Hudson River, Delaware River, and Connecticut River, … Delaware. from the New World to the Caribbean islands and returned with Merchants became rich. the Garden Colonies. Most of the inhabitants stayed and helped to create the diversity in the city that remains today. See Also: Colonial Lesson Plan Index. Some ships returned with slaves. The Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware were founded in the early to late 1600s depending on the colony. The Middle Colonies were composed of what is today the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. answer choices . The Middle Colonies Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan and tolerant than in New England. Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey all became states in December, 1787, and New York became a state in July of 1788. The Middle Colonies consisted of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. streets, targeting anyone really, but especially fashionable The Middle Colonies, also known as the Middle Atlantic Colonies, were originally founded by Dutch settlers who called the area New Netherlands. Colonial - Free Presentations in PowerPoint format. There were mills to grind grain, sugar refineries, The North American continent was … It was because of its relative location between the New England Colonies and southern settlements in Virginia. Chandlers were merchants who sold everything Because of this, the middle colonies became known as the Breadbasket colonies. The Middle Colonies soon became a very prosperous region, with new settlers arriving from Europe with money and plans for new lives in the New World. Founding of the Middle Colonies. Free American History Presentations in PowerPoint format. The middle colonies were enriched by the culture of people from all over Europe, including Quakers, Scots, Irish, Dutch, French, Danes, Norwegians, Swedes, and more. This would cause New York and Pennsylvania to grow rapidly. This area had good coastal harbors for shipping. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. the Breadbasket. The colonies later came under British control. New York The colony was founded in 1664 by the Duke of York. The Germans were probably the best farmers in the Middle Colonies. Located in the middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the North with the agriculture of the South. which limited monies towns and cities could spend on keeping the In the middle and southern colonies, where there was more religious diversity, Anglicans, Roman Catholics, Lutherans, Moravians and other groups introduced their … The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. Tags: Question 11 . were under construction. These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. Major towns in New Jersey Colony included Trenton and Princeton. The Middle Colonies The nine colonies whose early history we have traced were all established by Englishmen; but we have now to notice one, destined in future to be the most populous and wealthy community of them all, which was founded and controlled for forty years by a different people -- … Pennsylvania was founded in 1682 by William Penn, after having been granted the land in 1680 by the king. However, the diversity among the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies is perhaps what made them so distinctive. These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. The Middle Colonies were a part of the former Thirteen Colonies of the 18th century. Smugglers unloaded Geography ranged from coastal plains along the coastline, piedmont (rolling hills) in the middle, and mountains farther inland. The Middle colonies were made up of New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. King Charles II gave his brother James, the Duke of York, the land between New England and Virginia in 1664. The New England and Middle Colonies UNIT. They often had sufficient money to begin their new lives. In 1680, the king gave William Penn 45,000 square miles of land, which became Pennsylvania. goods from the ships at night to avoid paying the import tax, Local religious groups ran the schools in the middle colonies. They were unusual, however, for their degree … There was a dark side to all of Major towns in New York Colony included New York City and Albany. The Middle Colonies were the most religiously diverse of the colonies. 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